The following key principles shall underpin the African Civil Aviation Policy in guiding the development, management and operations of the African Aviation Industry:
Aviation safety and security shall take first priority.
Aviation safety and security constitute the bedrock upon which the success of the aviation industry is built and therefore shall receive top priority.
Liberalization of the African air transport industry shall be progressively pursued.
Liberalization of air services within Africa shall be strongly and continuously pursued due to its potential to enhance capacity, connectivity, service quality and choice as well as encourage competitive fares. Schedules coordination among African airlines shall respond to the lack of connectivity on routes which are economically unworthy.
The necessity of harmonization, coordination and cooperation
By its international nature, aviation requires to be coordinated in order to enhance its efficiency, safety, security and regularity. Regional cooperation is imperative as a means to promote the harmonization of aviation policies, regulations and procedures; optimization of scarce resources; and integration of aviation systems.
The necessity of regenerating aviation
A significant proportion of revenues generated by aviation need to be ploughed back into the industry to ensure its regeneration and growth. Furthermore, all financing options shall be pursued, including state funding, public-private partnerships, private investment and development assistance in order to adequately finance safety oversight, infrastructural provision, human resource development, airline capitalization to mention a few.
Reciprocity in international relations
In conducting international civil aviation relations, the exchange of opportunities, obligations, rights and privileges shall be on a reciprocal basis and as guided by the African Union.
The human resource is key to aviation efficiency, safety, security and regularity.
The human resource is the greatest asset for any nation, sector or enterprise. In aviation, the human resource is particularly critical to the achievement of efficiency, safety, security and regularity, and therefore shall receive due attention. Training and retraining of professionals in quality and quantity in order to address various challenges of the aviation industry shall be permanently pursued and their retention in the African aviation shall be guaranteed.
The necessity of protecting the environment
Aviation contributes to environmental degradation; therefore African States shall contribute to its protection under the guidance of ICAO. ICAO shall be the primary source of guidance on the establishment of regional and national aviation regulatory and institutional frameworks. All aviation laws, regulations and practices shall be based on the Chicago Convention, air law instruments and guidance provided by ICAO.
The need to strengthen sectoral synergies and intermodal integration.
Need for synergies between air transport and other sectors such as trade, tourism, energy, etc. There is further need for an integrated intermodal system for seamless movement of passengers and cargo.
The necessity of regular stakeholder consultations
The smooth implementation of the African regional aviation policy requires regular consultations between key stakeholders, primarily the AU Commission (as policy driver), AFCAC (as policy implementer), member states (given their primary responsibility for safety and security oversight) and regional economic groups (as regional coordinators) and trade and tourism sectors (as air transport beneficiaries). Stakeholder consultations need to be cascaded to regional and national levels as appropriate.
Source: African Civil Aviation Authority